Reforms

Tracking Developments & Reform Procedures in Doing Business in Kuwait

Approved Reforms by WBG:

Reform accounted by the Doing Business Team at the World Bank in DB Report 2019 (to review the report click here)

Kuwait Reforms in DB 2019
  • Starting a Business: Kuwait made starting a business easier by eliminating the paid-in minimum capital requirement.
  • Protecting Minority Investors: Kuwait strengthened minority investor protections by requiring an independent review of related-party transactions and clarifying ownership and control structures.

Archive:

Reforms accounted by the Doing Business Team at the World Bank in DB Reports 2008 to 2018

DB2018

  • Starting a Business: Kuwait made starting a business easier by establishing a one-stop shop and improving online registration.
  • Registering Property: Kuwait made registering property easier by lowering the number of days necessary to register property and by improving the transparency of the land administration system.

DB2017

  • Starting a Business: Kuwait made starting a business more difficult by increasing the time required to register by requiring companies to submit the original documents online and in person.
  • Trading across Borders: Kuwait made exporting and importing easier by introducing customs e-links and electronic exchange of information among various agencies.

DB2016

  • Starting a Business: Kuwait made starting a business easier by reducing the minimum capital requirement.

DB2015

  • Starting a Business: Kuwait made starting a business more difficult by increasing the commercial license fee.

DB2014

  • Starting a Business: Kuwait made starting a business more difficult by increasing the minimum capital requirement.
  • Protecting Minority Investors: Kuwait strengthened investor protections by making it possible for minority shareholders to request the appointment of an auditor to review the company’s activities.

DB2011

  • Labor Market Regulation: Kuwait increased the number of days of paid annual leave and increased the notice period applicable in case of redundancy dismissals.

DB2010

  • Trading across Borders: Kuwait reduced the time required for customs clearance by improving administrative procedures and staff training.
  • Resolving Insolvency: Kuwait enhanced its insolvency process by introducing a new legal procedure that enables financially distressed companies on the verge of insolvency to restructure.

DB2008

  • Dealing with Construction Permits: Kuwait reduced the time required for dealing with construction permits by introducing an automated system for issuing technical approvals for utility connections.
  • Getting Credit: Kuwait’s private credit bureau expanded its coverage by adding retailers to those supplying it with credit information.

 

Reforms Record:

The record of procedural, legal and administrative developments that took place in Kuwait during the preparation period for the Ease of Doing Business Report 2019.

Reform Updates for DB2019 Report

Starting a Business

  • Ministerial Decision 258/2018 amending some articles in ministerial decision 287/2016 amended by ministerial decision 496/2017 for the issuance of executive regulations for law 1/2016 amending the companies law amended by law 15/2017 to help reduce the cost of establishing a limited liability company and eliminating procedures
  • Ministerial Decision 220/2017 amending ministerial decision 411/2013 (reference article 1) regarding the fees for establishment and issuance of commercial licenses reducing the cost of establishing a limited liability company
  • To bring awareness to the private sector and agents who register commercial business activities through the launch of an integrated and continuous advertising campaign that shows all services performed through the one-stop shop (KBC)
  • Law #15 of 2017 amending Law #1 of 2016 (Article 97( cancelling depositing minimum capital thus cancelling the need for bank certificate
  • To reduce the number of days with PACI from 15 days as in DB 2018 and eliminate procedure 9 in DB 2018 to immediate online civil number through the real time e-link established through the KBC and PACI, fully activating the e-link and using a unified screen system
  • To reduce the number of procedures and number of days needed to establish a company and issue a commercial license

Dealing with Construction Permits

  • Municipality Law 33/2016 (Article 32, Item 8, Point C) that allows private sector to submit building-related permits and clearances applications online (without having to submit in hard-copy)
  • Administrative Circular 10/2018 that reduces administrative procedures and improves service delivery by disseminating consistent information internally
  • Circular No. 12/2018 to improve work environment and overcome any problems from utilizing e-transactions in order to speed up issuing construction permits in a seamless process
  • Official law, Provisions and requirements of building permits to speed the process and reduce procedures for issuing construction permits
  • Administrative Decision 13/2018 that creates a continuous mechanism amongst 8 competent government entities in addition to Kuwait Municipality to reduce time and measures in issuing construction permits and promote a link between all entities
  • Building list 206/2009 that improves transparency for construction permit applicants which will make the process easier, faster and consistent
  • Ministerial Decision No. (677) for the year 2017
    • The international codes of building systems were introduced
    • Taking into account the international study of the World Bank and the Amiri Diwan
    • Taking into account the views of civil aviation regarding permitted altitudes
  • Administrative Decision No. (161/2009)
    • The establishment of an electronic program where all contractors are registered in the municipality
    • The avoidance of professional errors and their legal consequences between the contractor/owner & the contractor/engineering office and also the main contractor and subcontractor
    • The new regulations require obtaining a safety license prior to construction and demolition as well as the planning of any implementation of the demolition
  • Administrative Decision 105/2017 where a working group consisting of the heads of the municipal sector has been formed with members of the World Bank, consultancy firms and the Federation of Engineering Offices.

Registering a Property

  • Internal Circular 175/2017
    • The following shall be excluded from the following automated transactions:
      • Transactions executed pursuant to judicial decisions
      • Transactions for owned apartments
      • Organizational cutoff transactions and division projects
  • Circular 166/2015 to ease the looking up information
  • Circular 19/2016, dated January 26, 2016 that allows for completion, training and shortening of the documentary cycle where the transaction is completed by one employee (the comprehensive employee)
  • Ease of information and indicators of the status of the real estate sector in Kuwait, daily, weekly, monthly and upon request for property transactions and average selling prices for the governates in Kuwait
  • Providing information and clarifying the documents required for registration procedures of real estate property and easy access to all forms without having to come to the ministry
  • Ease of access and confirmation of the state of the property (foreclosure)
  • Save time for people by enhancing existing for IT-links infrastructure and validate the soundness of the systems between competent authorities for pre-clearance and post-clearance certificates
  • Administrative Circular 13/2017 that allows the submission of the application through the website reduces the time and reduces the burden on the people
  • Administrative Circular 26/2016 that allows ease of transmission between departments and ministries
  • Ministerial Decision 121/2017 that eases the burden on consumers
  • Disclosure and dissemination of information on the internet in accordance with the principle of transparency and making registering property easier

Getting Electricity

  • Internal Circular 6/2017 that holds engineering firms accountable for accuracy of information and floorplans presented to the ministry online to increase precision and eliminate errors
  • Letter from Kuwait Municipality addressed to MEW regarding e-links to facilitate electricity connection procedures dated 17 April 2018. Under the fast track, the online e-link between MEW and Kuwait Municipality reduced the 22 calendar days to 6 days. Procedure #5 cancelled as no design drawing is required, thus cutting 21 more days, reducing the number of procedures and number of days for getting electricity, procedures were reduced from 7 to 4 procedures, and days from 85 to 17 days on average based on DB 2018. procedure 6: the cost mentioned is not KD 6189.95 but KD 3186, because the insurance paid is refunded to the applicant (client)
  • Internal memo dated 28 March 2017, and internal memo dated 27 March 2018. Streamline the connection process and decrease the number of procedures by reviewing the list of procedures needed for getting a new electricity connection by consider eliminating the application for electrical installation and internal wiring inspection as separate procedures (Procedure 5) and consider combining Procedures 7 and 8. Impact is Fast completion, and reducing the number of procedures

Enforcing Contracts

  • The text of the first article of Decree-Law No. 40 of 1980 promulgating the law regulating experience and amended by Law No. 25 of 2016 to facilitate procedures through the law regulating experience, shortening the time and improving quality of judicial process, and reducing the time for trial and judgement
  • Law No. 46 of 1989 on low-value suits and amending Article 29 of the Civil and Commercial Procedures Law No. 38 of 1980 that serves disputes that arise with regards to small or medium-sized entities
  • The Civil Service Bureau shall, in accordance with certain agreed regulations, set out specific provisions that conform to the rules of performance development that includes justice and equality in evaluation, and promote awareness for public parties
  • Law No. 25 of 2016 amending some of the provisions of the law regulating experience issued by Decree Law No. 40 of 1980 – Kuwait Today Newspaper Issue 1294 that increases speed of adjudication and decision-making, reducing the time for trial and judgement, and expediting the process
  • The Supreme Judicial Council Decision No. 33 of 2003 issued on 13/5/2003
    • Decree No. 23 of 1990 on the Law on the Organization of the Judiciary
    • Decision of the President of the Supreme Council of the Judiciary 9 of 2017
    • Decision of the Supreme Council of the Judiciary 1 for the year 2018
    • Book of the continuous and specialized training plan for the training season 2017-2018
  • Law No. 20 of 2014 – electronic transactions, Law 26 of 2015 – amending the provisions of the commercial and civil procedural code issued by decree 38 of 1980 regarding approving e-announcements, #26B ministerial decision 450/2015 regarding conditions and regulations for issuing legal announcements, issued by Minister of justice, 30 November 2015
  • Decree Law No. 15 of 1979 regarding the Civil Service and its amendments, Decree issued on 4/4/1979 concerning the civil service system and its amendments, Decision of the Civil Service Council No. 41 of 2016 regarding the attendance allowance for the meetings of the committees in the governmental bodies, The Chairman of the Standing Committee for the Promotion of the Business Environment and the Promotion of Competitiveness (HTA / 781) dated 2017/12/3, Approval by the Technical Committee at its meeting 2018/1 dated 2018/1/14
  • Decision No. 36 of 2006 regarding the rules, rules, procedures and dates for evaluating the performance of the supervisors and organizing it, Decree No. 15 of 2017 on the amendment of the Civil Service Council Resolution No. 36 of 2006
  • Ministerial Decree No. 450 of 2015 (Organizing the Declaration Procedures), Law No. 26 of 2015 (Amending the Code of Civil and Commercial Procedures), Decree Law No. 39 of 1980
  • Section XII (Arbitration) Article 173 and Law No. 11 of 1995 on Judicial Arbitration and Civil and Commercial Articles (11/1995) that allows for the speed of dissolution of disputes without complying with the rules and procedures stipulated in the Code of Procedure and to reduce time for enforcement of judgment
  • Section IV (Session system and consideration of the case, and Decree Law No. 38 of 1980 promulgating the Code of Civil and Commercial Procedures to establish alternative dispute for mediation facilities
  • Amendment of the provisions of Law No. 42 of 1964 that regulates lawyers and court fees

Trading Cross Borders

  • Reduce procedures and speed of release to operationalize the agreement between Kuwait General Administration of Customs and Dubai Customs on electronic link for information exchange
  • Customs Instructions No. 90 of 2016 which is to reduce the number of documents by eliminating the certificate of origin requirement from both exports and imports documents on condition it is included in the original invoice (certified), the time to complete to exports and time to complete import procedures should be considered 17 hours for each out of 174 for exports and 178 for imports, using the unified screen system for the customs window
  • Linking between customs and MOCI for issuing import licenses and renewal of licenses and sending the manifest
  • Reduce the time and control and the speed of customs clearance
  • To enhance risk management and reduce cases illegal transactions
  • Customs instructions 88/2017 dated 25 July 2017 that speeds up time and procedures to ensure smooth flow of electronic goods for both exports and imports

Protecting Minority Investors

List of Laws:

  • Improved responsiveness of Capital Markets Authority to needs and timeliness of business community. The CMA Executive Bylaws sets out time periods for implementation of some procedures such as registration, listing, and mergers and acquisitions. The Capital Markets Authority is also moving to a paperless system and introducing electronic disclosures through the XBRL platform which will reduce time and procedures.
  • Offer specialization and continued training for judges and court officials. The Capital Markets Authority has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Kuwait Institute for Judicial and Legal Studies designed to share experience in the field of training and qualification.
  • Establish a clear separation of roles and functions of market supervision, clearing and trading in securities. The Capital Markets Authority has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Central Bank of Kuwait which delineates each entity’s authority. Other ongoing projects include the privatization of Boursa Kuwait and the implementation of the post-trade model.
  • Ensure internal accountability for proper conduct of general meetings of shareholders. On 8 March 2018, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry issued Ministerial Decree No. 156 of 2018 in regards to the acceptance of minutes of general assembly meetings of shareholding companies and attendance of Ministry of Commerce and Industry representatives. The requirements to accept the minutes of general assembly meeting are as follows:
    • Minutes of meeting are to be signed by the Chairman or the person who heads the meeting.
    • A certificate should be issued by the Kuwait Clearing Company in regards to the total shares of the company and number of shares that have the right to vote and the number of shares and percentage which attended the meeting.
    • Acknowledgement to be signed by the Chairman or person who heads the meeting acknowledging the correctness of the procedures and the facts as reflected in the minutes.

Accountability for proper conduct of general meetings of shareholders has been handled by Ministerial Decree No. 156 of 2018.

  • Chapter Seven “Acquisitions and Protection of Minority Rights” of the Law contains five articles regulating acquisitions, the content of which attempts to own more than 30% of the shares of a listed company and control any issues that may arise. The legislator set out a special chapter defining the general framework of this process and means of preserving the rights of the minority. Articles (71) to (75)
  • The legislation seeks to give the rest of the shareholders the opportunity to choose between staying in the company under the new management, withdrawing from them and selling their shares,” said the explanatory note to the law. Except by obliging the acquire to make an offer to buy the rest of the shareholders’ shares in the company at a certain price. Article 74
  • To enable stakeholders to exercise their right to resort to one of the Commission’s organs, represented by the complaints and grievances committee of a special nature in terms of composition, procedures and rules of work, and to challenge their decisions by submitting a complaint to this Committee regarding any mistake made by a licensed person. Article 15
  • With reference to the provisions of Article (10-3) “Reverse Acquisition” of Chapter 3 “Acquisition” of the Ninth Book (Mergers and Acquisitions) of the Executive Regulation of Law No. 7 of 2010 on the establishment of the Capital Market Authority and the regulation of securities activity and their amendments, During the issuance of procedures for the implementation of reverse operations under resolution No. (99) for the year 2017. (4) of the procedures for the implementation of reverse acquisitions in Annex 8 of the Ninth Book (Mergers and Acquisitions) of the Executive Regulation of Law No. 7 of 2010 on the establishment of the Capital Market Authority and the regulation of securities activity and their amendments, To provide the Authority with the necessary documents to obtain the approval of the Authority to start the procedures for the implementation of the reverse acquisition plan of the company’s board of directors to provide alternatives for the departure of shareholders and pledge and approval of the submission of this plan, which guarantees the rights of small shareholders of the listed company. Articles 3-10 from Book 9
  • Chapter Nine of the 15th book (Corporate Governance) regulates the issue of respect for shareholders ‘rights in terms of ensuring fairness and equality among all shareholders, regardless of their levels, and through continuous monitoring of shareholders’ data on participation and voting in the meetings of the company’s associations, Shareholders without regard to their different levels. All provisions of Chapter 9 (Rule Eight: Respect for Shareholders’ Rights) of Book XV (Corporate Governance)
  • The provisions of Book X of the Implementing Regulations regulate the rules of disclosure and transparency applicable to listed companies, exporters and other persons committed to disclosure, including: 1. The beneficiary who has an interest representing 5% and more of the capital of a listed company, directly or indirectly, including: Disclosure of indirect interest or alliance with others. • Disclosure of the Group. • Disclosure of collective investment systems. In addition to obligating the Beneficiary to disclose the interests that may arise from various sources or funds provided for in the Regulations. 2. Informed persons o The person is familiar with the listed company in the following cases• The members of the Board of Directors and the administrative body of the listed company, its subsidiaries and the parent company. • Any person or other entity that has direct contact with them and has internal information regarding the listed company and its customers. In addition, insurers are required to disclose to both the listed company and the stock exchange. Finally, the listed company is required to disclose in a timely manner the material information that has an impact on the decisions of the public of securities traders. One of the following images is disclosed:1. If information is available during the working hours of the Commission and the Stock Exchange, disclosure shall be made as soon as the material information is available. 2. If the information is available outside the working hours of the Authority and the Stock Exchange, the disclosure shall be made fifteen minutes prior to the commencement of the next trading session. In addition to the listed company’s commitment to ensure that material information is not disclosed on its website prior to the disclosure of the stock exchange. All the provisions of Book X
  • In the second chapter (merger), the provisions included in Book 9 (mergers and acquisitions) were included. For example, Article (12.12) provided that documents relating to the merger process should be made available at the headquarters of the companies involved in the merger process for the shareholders. Appendix (1) of the procedures and requirements is a guarantee to the shareholders of the companies involved in the merger. In addition to the foregoing in the previous clauses relating to the acquisition, for example, Article (3.1.1) requires the equal treatment of the shareholders of the company of the same company and the availability of information to all shareholders, and Article 3.1 – 8) which required the Board of Directors of the Offering Company to avoid any conflict of interest when making recommendations to the Company’s shareholders regarding an offer of acquisition. All the provisions of the ninth book.
  • The Ninth Book (Merger and Acquisition) of the Executive Regulation of Law No. 7 of 2010 on the establishment of the Capital Market Authority and the regulation of the securities activity and their amendments contains the rules governing the operations of any person owning at least 5% and not more than 30% of the shares of any listed company, (3-12) “Protection of Minority Rights” of Chapter 3 “Acquisition” of the Ninth Book (Merger and Acquisition) of the Executive Regulations of the Law. The Annual General Meeting of HumanSoft Holding Company held on 21/03/2016 on the approval of the voluntary withdrawal from the Kuwait Stock Exchange: • Al-Imtiaz Investment Group and Sankta Capital Group filed a complaint against the Ordinary General Assembly resolution held on 21/03/2016 regarding the approval of the voluntary withdrawal from the Kuwait Stock Exchange. • Decision of the Board of Commissioners of the Capital Markets Authority issued its meeting No. 16/2016 held on 01/05/2016 to accept the complaint as a subject to prove the damage to the rights of the minority from the resolution of the Ordinary General Assembly of HumanSoft Holding held on 21/03/2016 on approving the voluntary withdrawal Of the Kuwait Stock Exchange, which resulted in the cancellation of the General Assembly resolution referred to. • The share price of Human Soft Holding Company was 650 fils when submitting the grievance referred to on 30/03/2016 while the trading price of the company’s shares was currently KD 3.799 as of: 22/01/2017. General Assembly Resolution On the approval of the voluntary withdrawal from the Kuwait Stock Exchange: • Boubyan Petrochemical Company filed a complaint against the decision of the Ordinary General Assembly of Nafais Holding Company held on 13/12/2016 on the approval of the voluntary withdrawal from the Kuwait Stock Exchange. • Decision of the Board of Commissioners of the Capital Markets Authority was issued at its meeting No. 07/2017 held on 15/02/2017 to accept the grievance in form to be submitted on the legal date and reject the grievance in respect of the subject. The Commission did not prove the damage to minority rights in the company due to the issuance of the General Assembly resolution Nafais Holding Company held on 13/12/2016 approving the voluntary withdrawal from the Kuwait Stock Exchange. Article 3-12 from Book 9
  • The licensed person who carries out the following activities (investment portfolio manager, group investment manager, underwriter, custodian) shall classify his clients as professional or ordinary clients and notify each customer of the type of classification, whether at the beginning of the transaction or when changing this classification. Associated with a change in classification. Therefore, the licensee must prepare a special customer classification record that includes the type of customer classification and a copy of the notification, decisions and agreements. In addition, the Licensed Person is obliged to provide the Client in writing with the information required in the Regulations before providing services related to securities activities. Finally, the licensed person is committed to execute the orders of his clients through optimal care to achieve the best possible results, through the development of policies and procedures that enable him to provide the best service to the customer and in particular the implementation of orders and instructions of customers. All provisions of Chapter II (Customer Classification) and Chapter V (Optimal Execution of Customer Orders) of Book VIII (Business Ethics)
  • The authorized persons who manage or retain the assets and assets of the clients, including the Investment Portfolio Manager (the Manager of the Collective Investment System / Custodian / Clearing Agency) shall take the necessary measures to care for and preserve the Client’s funds and assets, whether cash received or possession by any person authorized in favor of Client or on his behalf to mark any activity of securities or all non-monetary funds of securities or other assets. The licensed person must take into account the complete separation between the transactions and orders executed by the licensed person for his own account and the transactions he executes for the customer’s account, and to ensure that the client is the beneficiary of all transactions related to his money, This is done through the retention of the authorized person with the records and accounts that guarantee the separation of the client’s assets and funds belonging to another client or the authorized person. In addition, the Licensed Person deposits the Client’s funds in an independent bank account with a local bank and pays attention to the person who is keen to select and follow up the depositing bank with the client’s cash money. Finally, the Licensed Person shall always keep in mind the interest of the Customer to achieve the duties of care by doing his best to achieve the interests of his clients and to sponsor their investments. He shall act in all cases in good faith for the benefit of the Clients by complying with the duties of the Secretariat. The Seventh Book The Executive Regulations of Law No. 7 of 2010 and their amendments
  • The provisions of this Chapter shall regulate the shareholder’s equity and obligations in the face of the company in detail, and the principle of equality between the founders of the company and its shareholders. Chapter six
  • Any individual shareholder may file a lawsuit in which any decision issued by the Board of Directors of the Company, the Ordinary General Assembly or the Extraordinary General Assembly in case of violation of the law or the company’s contract, or is intended to harm the interests of the company. • The Ordinary and Extraordinary General Assembly Resolutions may be challenged against the rights of the minority and shall be challenged by a number of shareholders of the Company holding 15% of the issued share capital of the Company. Article 220
  • The availability of the disclosures and their publication on the bourse website to be available to all investors, including small investors
  • Supplement No. 5 of the third book, “Law Enforcement” of the Regulations, which includes the rules governing the receipt, examination and disposition of communications. These are the detailed procedures for regulating the receipt of communications in the Authority and the rules for their examination and disposition. Violations, crimes and protection of the amount. The third book is the executive regulation of Law No. 7 of 2010 and its amendments
  • The provisions of the Regulations have imposed disciplinary sanctions in the exercise of any person’s irregularities or illegal trading practices which may mislead the public in securities. Article (3-5) of the Fourteenth Book (Market Behavior) Regulations of Law No. 7 of 2010 and their amendments
  • Improve the way dividends are distributed so that small investors avoid the problems that have previously resulted from changing the Board’s recommendation during the General Assembly. Thus, with this change, the investor has time to determine his investment decision based on distributions. Kuwait Clearing Company Rules + Executive Regulation Book 12 (Listing)
  • The Board of Directors shall determine the maturity date of the Company’s shareholders for cash dividends, free bonus shares or other procedures that result in entitlement to shares and the date of their distribution. In the event of a decision by the ordinary and extraordinary general assembly of the listed company regarding the distribution of cash dividends and bonus shares by the Board of Directors, its decision shall include an authorization to the Board of Directors to amend the timetable for the implementation of its decision if the procedures of the month prior to the date of maturity are not completed with at least eight days’ notice. Shareholders are finally entitled to cash dividends, bonus shares or other actions that result in them at the end of the due date. Decree No. (62) for the year 2017 concerning the amendment of some articles of the executive regulations of Law No. (7) for the year 2010 regarding the establishment of the Capital Market Authority and the regulation of securities activity and its amendments.
  • Pursuant to the provisions of Decree No. (63) for the year 2017 concerning the amendment of the Implementing Regulations of Law No. 7 of 2010 concerning the establishment of the Capital Market Authority and the regulation of the securities activity and their amendments, parts of the fifth book, parts of the twelfth book and article of the fifteenth book have been amended regarding the obligations of the licensed person To inform the Commission of the agenda of the General Assembly and the minutes of the meeting and to provide it with the financial statements, the obligations of the listed companies in this regard and the organization of the General Assembly’s invitation to the shareholders to meet. Fifth, twelfth, and fifteenth books The executive regulations of Law No. 7 of 2010 and their amendments
  • The top section of the Premier Market will allow for immediate disclosures in both Arabic and English, as well as a quarterly conference of financial analysts, which will increase transparency and access to all investors, including small investors (the text of the conference should be translated in Arabic and English). Boursa Rule Book MD2
  • Regulating the right to file a complaint against a specific AGM/EGM decision that imposes harm to minority investors. Article 73 of Law No.7 of 2010 as amended by Law No.22 of 2015. Article 3-12 of Module 9 of the CMA Executive Bylaws
  • Introduce DvP model 1 settlement (Gross Funds – Gross Securities)
  • Introduce international corporate action timetable where companies are required to disclose relevant dates (such record date) ahead of time
  • Regulating the delisting resolution procedures. Article 2-8-2 of Module 12 of the CMA Executive Bylaws
  • Regulating the voluntary delisting resolution procedures. Article 2-9-2 of Module 12
  • Improve responsiveness of Capital Markets Authority to needs and timelines of business community. The CMA Executive Bylaws sets out time periods for implementation of some procedures such as registration, listing, and mergers and acquisitions. the Capital Markets Authority is also moving to a paperless system and introducing electronic disclosures through the XBRL platform which will reduce time and procedures. Module 9 and Module 12 of CMA Executive Bylaws
  • Offer specialization and continued training for judges and court officials. The Capital Markets Authority has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Kuwait Institute for Judicial and Legal Studies designed to share experience in the field of training and qualification.
  • Establish a clear separation of roles and functions of market supervision, clearing and trading in securities. The Capital Markets Authority has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Central Bank of Kuwait which delineates each entity’s authority. Other ongoing projects include the privatization of Bourse Kuwait and the implementation of the post-trade model.
  • Ensure internal accountability for proper conduct of general meetings of shareholders. On 8th of March 2018, the Ministry of Commerce and Industry issued Ministerial Decree No. 156 of 2018 in regards to the acceptance of minutes of general assembly meetings of shareholding companies and attendance of Ministry of Commerce and Industry representatives. The requirements to accept the minutes of general assembly meeting are as follows: (1) Minutes of meeting are to be signed by the Chairman or the person who heads the meeting. (2) A certificate should be issued by the Kuwait Clearing Company in regards to the total shares of the company and number of shares that have the right to vote and the number of shares and percentage which attended the meeting. (3) Acknowledgement to be signed by the Chairman or person who heads the meeting acknowledging the correctness of the procedures and the facts as reflected in the minutes.
  • Transfer execution of securities related judgments to Boursa Kuwait and the Kuwait Clearing Company. The Capital Markets Authority has amended Articles 10-20 and 10-22 as well as Appendix 10 of Module 11 (Dealing in Securities) of the CMA Executive Bylaws, shifting the role of the Capital Markets Authority to Boursa Kuwait. However, in relation to the Execution Department, it registers the beginning of the procedures, conducts attachment of securities, and confirms the sale of securities. Therefore, the Execution Department has no material role in the execution procedures that may cause delay. Articles 10-20 and 10-22 as well as Appendix 10 of Module 11 of the CMA Executive Bylaws
  • A working group was created by KDIPA in December 2017 which includes two representatives from the capital markets authority and one from the ministry of commerce and industry
  • Require an external report before the authorization of related party transactions. The capital markets authority has added Article 7-7 to module 15 (corporate governance) of the CMA executive bylaws and amended article 1-2 of the same module to make article 7-7 mandatory
  • There is no restriction in Module 15 of the CMA Executive Bylaws in regards to the joint membership of the Risk and Audit Committees. So in practice in the Capital Markets Authority, these two committees can be merged. The link shows one example of such Capital Markets Authority approval to merge the two committees which has been submitted as evidence
  • Require the prior authorization of general meeting of shareholders for major transactions involving the acquisition of 50% (or more) of a company’s total assets. The Capital Markets Authority has amended Article 9-9(4) of Module 15 (Corporate Governance) of the CMA Executive Bylaws to reflect this requirement
  • Increase disclosure requirements of related-party transactions to the public and market regulators. The Capital Markets Authority has amended Article 4-1-1 of Module 10 (Disclosure and Transparency) of the CMA Executive Bylaws. However, The Capital Markets Authority does not agree with setting a percentage because the current method related to material effect provides for border protection than the suggested 10%, because even 1% in some companies may have a material effect and should be disclosed to the shareholders. Article 4-1-1 of Module 10
  • Increase disclosure requirements of related-party transactions to the public and market regulators. The Capital Markets Authority has amended Article 4-1-1 of Module 10 (Disclosure and Transparency) of the CMA Executive Bylaws. However, The Capital Markets Authority does not agree with setting a percentage because the current method related to material effect provides for border protection than the suggested 10%, because even 1% in some companies may have a material effect and should be disclosed to the shareholders. Article 4-1-1 of Module 10

Archive:

Below is the record of procedures, legal and administrative developments that took place in Kuwait to prepare DB2018, DB2017, DB2016, DB2015 reports identified for each of the ten components that comprise the Ease of Doing Business Index.

1. Starting a Business
  • Ministerial decision to eliminate the minimum capital of the limited liabilities company. Eliminate the minimum capital to establish limited liabilities company, it will eliminate as well as other procedures such as requesting the bank statement as well as reserve the capital requirement.
  • Ministerial decision No. 209 /2017, regarding organizing the operations of single person’s companies. Stop accepting requests regarding the establishment of companies, through MOCI and transfer the establishment of companies requests through Kuwait Business Center (KBC) from the 31st of March 2017.
  • The Public Authority of Manpower, has been granted an official E-Linkage with the One-Stop-Shop (Kuwait Business Center), and has requested a Predefined Structure for data entry from their behalf.
  • Ministerial decision No. 220/2017, regarding the amendments on the Ministerial Decision No. 411/2013, related to the issuance of list of regulations regarding the law of commercial license.
  • Kuwait chamber of commerce & industry ,has been granted an official e-linkage with the OSS in Kuwait business centre data regarding the company’s registration in order to enhance the service.
  • Cancelation of the certificate of the public institution for social security (pifss)
  • Ministerial decision No. 209 /2017, regarding organizing the operations of persons’ companies accepting requests regarding the establishment of companies, through MOCI and transfer the establishment of companies requests through Kuwait Business Center (KBC) from the 31st of March 2017.
  • Ministerial decision No. 220/2017, regarding the amendments on the Ministerial Decision No. 411/2013, related to the issuance of list of regulations regarding the law of commercial license. Reduction of the fees required to establish a company and issue business license in order to enhance the services.
  • The issuing of law No. 15 for the year 2017 regarding the amendments in some provisions of the companies law No.1 for the year 2016.Article No.1 includes the replacement of Article (96) provision No.3 stating that the Memorandum of Association of the Limited Liability Company shall include data of the Head Office, or e-mail address or the PO Box Company’s title shall be amended by adding an email or PO Box as a requirement for the address.
  • The issuing of law No. 15 for the year 2017 regarding the amendments in some provisions of the company’s law No.1 for the year 2016. Article No.1 includes the amendment of Article (97) that eliminate of the minimum capital deposit requirement in the bank prior to the establish the limited liability company.
  • The issuing of law No. 15 for the year 2017 regarding the amendments in some provisions of the company’s law No.1 for the year 2016. Article No.1 includes the replacement of Article (98) regarding the value of the membership interests in the limited liability company” The capital of a Limited Liability Company shall be divided into membership interests of equal value that are not divisible and which shall have a minimum value of one hundred Kuwaiti Dinars each. The amendment is to cancel the minimum cash quota (KD 100), and left it to the will of partners to be determined in the articles of incorporation. As in Article (98).
  • The Ministry of Commerce & Industry (MOCI) started the process of license application upon receiving the registration certificate directly online without human interaction through its One Stop Shop website for Kuwait Business Centre (KBC).
  • Issuance of Ministerial Decision No. 209 of 2017 for regulating the process of the establishment of persons companies exclusively at the One Stop Shop (OSS) Department under the supervision of the Minister of Commerce & Industry to commence as of the date of March 31, 2017, to  receive, process, and execute all the applications for establishing all types of persons companies within 3 working days maximum,  and issuing the  necessary Commercial Licenses to carry out their activities within 5 working days maximum. This decision aims directly to make starting a business an easier process in Kuwait.
  • Issuance of Ministerial Decision No. 220 of 2017 for amending Ministerial Decision No. 411 of 2013 regarding issuance of Executive Regulations of the Law for the Commercial Outlets Licenses entailing the reduction of commercial outlets fees required for issuing (new either temporary or permanent, for main office or branch), or forfeiting, or transferring commercial licenses (from individual to company) to be for the individual KD 40, for persons companies KD 80, and for shareholding companies KD 150 to be paid only once as of March 30, 2017. This decision aims directly to reduce cost of starting a business and make the process easier in Kuwait.
  • Issuance of Law No. 15 of 2017 amending provisions of Law No. 1 of 2016 on the Promulgation of the Companies Law eliminating the minimum paid capital requirement and depositing money in bank account at time of establishment. This new law aims directly to reduce cost of starting a business and make the process easier in Kuwait.
  • Ministerial Decision No. 280 of 2016 dated 10th of July 2016, amending Ministerial Decision No. 161 of 2016 dated 20th of April 2016, regarding the establishment of a single One Stop Shop (OSS) department under the Minister of Commerce & Industry Launching Kuwait Business Centre.
  • Ministerial Decision No. 135 of the year 2016 dated April 3rd 2016, regarding the classification of commercial activities in Kuwait in accordance with ISIC Rev. 4 ( 6 DIGITS ) in harmonization of the agreed classification within the GCC.
  • Law No.13 of 2016 on the regulation of Commercial agencies in Kuwait.
  • Establishing  one stop shop to facilitate procedures as per Article (5) of Law (No. 1/2016) regarding  Commercial Companies amending Law (No. 97/2013) and Decree Law (No. 25/2012), which entered into effect as of  February 1, 2016.
  • Establishing  one stop shop to facilitate establishing SME enterprises in Kuwait as per Article (29) of Law (No.98/2013) establishing the National Fund for SME development, and Article (26) of its Executive Regulations entered into force on January 4, 2015.
  • Administrative Decision (No. 439/2015) dated  May 25, 2015 regarding allowing holders of power of attorney (general or specific) issued from the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) for serving a purpose, to perform the procedures needed at the Ministry of Commerce & Industry (MOCI), Division of Companies & Commercial.
  • Administrative Decision (No. 440/2015) dated  May 25, 2015 regarding launching e-submission of applications to issue commercial licenses online at MOCI website,  with exception only for the elderly and physically challenged as they are assigned special offices.
  • Administrative Decision (No. 234/2015) dated May 3, 2015 regarding reduction of minimum capital requirements for various forms of legal entities; for the limited liability companies the reduction is from KD 10,000 to become KD 1000. Date of issuance in the Official Gazette on May 10, 2015.
  • Establishing  one stop shop to facilitate procedures as per in Article (17)  of  Law (No. 116/ 2013) regarding the Promotion of Direct Investment in the State of Kuwait for both local and foreign investors as of December 14, 2014.
  • Issuing Law (No. 20/2014) and Council of Ministers Decision (No. 303/2014) appointing the respective minister for executing provisions of this law as of March 16, 2014.
  • Establish an e-link between PACI and MOCI to register companies electronically and issue the civil ID number in one day to the concerned party, as of November 10, 2013.
  • Ministry of Justice (MOJ) introduced a fast track for documenting Memorandum of Association for  limited liability companies within 2 hours from submission ongoing.
  • Issuing  Law (No.111/2013) for commercial licensing permits to reduce processing time for permits and facilitate business by allowing to issue within  3 days a temporary license valid for 90 days till all the documents are completed and approvals obtained to issue the actual license since it entered into force on October 22, 2013.
  • A Ministerial Decision (No.46/2012) dated April 23, 2012  to document the Memorandum of  Association by a designated MOJ officer at the Companies Incorporation Section at MOCI as of April 23, 2012.
2. Dealing with Construction Permits
  • Implementation of E- services through the municipality website baladia.gov.kw
  • Reorganizing the formation of the committee of engineering offices and consultancy firms.
  • Administrative reforms to improve quality of the consultancy firms permits and role by implementing a restructured approval process.
  • Confirming the full automation of the process of issuance of engineering licenses from the Kuwait Municipality electronically amongst the Municipality and few branches then extending to all the six governances by allowing online application, transmission, and receipt of the zoning boundaries and the (shahadat awsaf) electronically.
  • Administrative Decision No. 42 of 2016 issued by the Director General of Kuwait Municipality regarding the formulation of a task group for the development of the municipality E -systems and identify services for the public.
  • The Council of Ministers Decision (No. 1286) taken in its meeting (No. 43/2015) held on the 14th of September 2014 regarding establishing the GIS system in Kuwait.
  • Suing Law No 33 of 2016, regarding Kuwait Municipality replace Law No. 5 of 2005. Published in Official Gazette-“Kuwait AL Yawm“.
  • Director General of Kuwait Municipality Decision (No. 4/2014) dated January 14, 2014  establishing a committee for streamlining and automating procedures in cooperation with Central Agency for Information technology (CAIT).
3. Registering Property
  • The comprehensive employee is able to carry out all the tasks delegated filling , sorting , processing, documenting etc..
  • A designated office established to coordinate effort for registering property in separate locations. the office will consist of comprehensive employees who are competent in all related matters in order to enhance the business environment .
  • Establishing e-link between MOJ and Ministry of communications will help to simplify procedures related to lost documents.
  • Electronic archive system to register property and generate certified reports from the information technology (IT) and statistics sector, in order to access the needed documents easily.
  • Ministry of Justice implemented a special service for correspondence with MOJ via social media. kuwaitmoj@moj.gov.kw to correspond with the public relations department. social media includes: WhatsApp, Twitter, Instagram and Snapchat @kuwaitmoj
  • Link with external agencies:
    • Public Authority for Housing Welfare = Real estate Property statement.
    • Credit bank = Real estate Property statement.
    • Kuwait Municipality = (Shahadat AlAwsaf) (Procedure 1: Registering property).
    • Ministry of Communications = Statement of missing documents.
    • Ministry of Finance = Statement of properties to be expropriated.
    • General Authority for Minor Affairs = Real estate Property statement.
  • Online Inquiry:
    • Real Estate Price Index.
    • Medium Real Estate Price Index.
    • Statistics for Medium Real Estate Price Index.
    • Document Status.
    • Real Estate Status.
  • Customer Services:
    • Request for real estate certificate
  • An official letter from the Director General of the Kuwait Municipality to the Head of the Real Estate Registry and Documentation Department at the Ministry of Justice (MoJ), dated 22nd of March 2016, regarding the E-links for transactions of the Cadastral Description Certificate, and Plot Land Use between both parties.
  • Administrative Decision (No. 19/2016) dated the 26th of January 2016 issued by the Director of the Real Estate Registration Department at the Ministry of Justice (MOJ) requesting that all the departments staff in all the branches of MOJ commit to the motto “Prompt Justice”.
  • Internal decision No. 106/2015 regarding opening a property registration at the Housing Welfare Authority.
  • Enhanced e-transactions in Kuwait through introduction of new services under the official  Kuwait government online portal see Link.
4. Getting Electricity
  • Establishment of the technical regulatory Decrease and reduce electrical loads during peak hours in summer days and the monitoring of its projects. Follow up with projects from different ministerial departments to ensure the obligations of contractors through evaluation and execution of the applied conditions given to them. Monitor and coordinate with different departments in the ministry (MEW) to enhance usage. Coordinate with Ministry of Commerce and Industry regarding to the specifications and measurements applied to instruments sold in the local market and the obligated inspection procedures. Institute a link with different entities and MEW for different consultancies. The department has two divisions: 1- Coordination and technical studies division, 2- Monitoring and follow-up decisions. department.
  • Implementation of the online portal to accept requests to obtain electricity for buildings with 340 KW, and stop paper requests as of 1st of January 2017. Two operational sectors were created to deal with Air Condition (A/C) and electrical drawings. Drawings are accepted online and reviewed by the concerned sector (A/C, Electrical) the engineers review the drawings and approve them. The engineers then send the approved drawings to be related to engineering offices
  • Simplifying and condensing operational steps and procedures to get electricity for (Investment – commercial – industrial) projects with loads under 340 KW, To ensure the swiftness of procedural processes by digitizing internal operations and bureaucratic work flow. Drawings will be submitted online for projects mentioned above for loads under 340 KW in one step. The drawings have to be certified by the certified architects in compliance with the energy saving criteria. AC = (R6, R7) Electric = (R1, S1) through the online portal: http://portal.mew.gov.kw
  • Transferring the procedures done at the Electrical Network Distribution Department, to the Electrical Extension. Drawing Inspections Department. For the loads under 340 kw.
  • In the Technical Regulatory Department ,The use of GIS to assist in monitoring outages (gis.mew.gov.kw). The information system is used by all concerned departments in MEW. MEW uses “Outage Management System”, and integration with SCADA to monitor outages. Reports can be generated with detailed statistics to monitor follow up with outages.
  • Electrical inspection department procedures, The Internal memo from MEW No. (14/2016) & No. (16/2016) states that the department is merging both the water extensions inspection with the electrical wiring inspection at one transaction, it will merge two inspectors for water and electricity doing two separate procedures in separate time into one procedure in one time and one inspector
  • Completion of transactions related to delivering electricity using the E-portal. The Administrative Decision No. (75/2016) for the assistant’s under-secretary to issue the executive article to fulfil the following:
    • All the completion of transactions related to delivering electricity to all new buildings of both the private accommodation must and all other buildings with the electric load less than 340 kWh must be done by using the E-portal.
    • The completion of transactions submitted on the E-portal must be according to the regulations and requirements approved by the MEW guide of procedures.
    • By the Administrative Circular No. (46/2016), to insure the Authorized offices identity all them must submit an attachment of the civil I – Authorized engineering identification – Phone Number by email for portal@mew.gov.kw to be able to complete of transactions through the E-portal.
  • E-Government Services Established a link with entities to simplify completed services
  • Services:
  • Electrical delivery services.
  • Water delivery services.
  • Query the status of their requested electronic services.
  • Established link for implementing e-services with other governmental entities.
  • Link with:
    • Public Authority of Civil Information.
    • Public Authority of Industry.
    • Kuwait Municipality.
  • Mechanisms for restoring service:
    • GIS has big importance in the passage of cables and plans to save time.
    • Link with GIS and other monitoring systems (SCADA & DMS) will have a live benefit with high standards of maintenance and operation to quickly identify faults and access them from the maintenance and emergency team in MEW, ensuring the continuity of electrical supply for consumers with high quality. This has the greatest impact in facilitating the process in terms of time, effort, and accuracy.
  • System link between MEW & Municipality, Engineering Offices and Consultancies for operational procedures to get electricity.
  • Regulating electrical engineer’s certificates approved by the ministry, as well as submitting final electric drawing for approval, revoke any certified certificate that are inactive for higher efficiency.
  • Simplifying procedures for receiving electrical meters, all operations and procedures related to obtaining electric meter will be done in one location (Sabhan), with specialized employees. Payments for this procedure can be done online.
  • Ministerial Decision (No. 78/2014) dated 26th of June 2014 approving installation of new electricity connection through the E-Link between the Ministry of Electricity and Water (MEW) and Kuwait Municipality as well as the qualified engineering and consulting offices in accordance with the procedures stated in the executive regulations attached to this decision.
  • Administrative Decision (No. 75/2016) issued on the 26th of January 2016, regarding facilitating electricity connection to new premises (residential and non-residential) with a minimum 340 KW electric load, using E-Transactions.
  • Law No. 20 of 2016 regarding fixing the tariffs for electricity & water in the State of Kuwait. According to this law the fees per KWH are fixed for investment sector (residential apartments), government sector, commercial sector, industrial sector, agricultural sector, and other sectors please see attached pdf copy of Law No. 20 of 2016 and online
5. Paying Taxes
  • Rules and procedures regarding tax notification and methods of communication (Ministerial decision 61/2016).
  • Internal Memo to the Financial & Tax Affairs at the Ministry of Finance (MOF) indicating launching the implementation of e-communications and e-signature dated April 3, 2016.
6. Getting Credit
  • Administrative Decision 621/2016 dated 16th of March 2016 issued by the Ministry of Justice Undersecretary whereby 4 officers in charge of documentation were designated to work at credit bureaus in 4 local banks (Kuwait Finance House, Boubyan Bank, Ahli United Bank, Burgan Bank) to facilitate real estate registration and documentation at these bank’s premises.
7. Trading Across Borders
  • Customs Instruction No. (17/2017), regarding the approval on the First Standard Customs Procedures Manual in the Custom Borders in the GCC.
  • Article 1: Implementing the Standard customs procedures in the first customs borders in the GCC.
  • Article 2: Review the Standard customs procedures in the first customs borders in the GCC and get the feedback by the United Customs Authority.
  • Customs instructions No. 43/2017 regarding extending the trial period of the online payment application and Activating E-Linkage system for internal workflow.
  • Regulating import duties & Clearances, Streamlining of costumes clearance and inspection procedures towards imported goods to Shuwaikh & Shuaiba ports.
  • Instructions towards electronically accepting bill of lading. Activated electronic Communications in accepting bill of lading which increases the streamline of customs clearance and inspection.
  • Integrated system with the Public Authority of Industry developed a coordinated e-link system to implant custom duty exemption issued by the competent authority.
  • Developing and operating secondary services through a systematic linkage platform and Implementing e-forms regarding issued imports and storages by establishment of electronic systems for higher coordination and smooth work form Activated a single e-form within multiple units to ensure the availability of information and increased ease of access.
  • Introducing missing E-document affidavit Systematically issues and approves affidavits within 90 days concerning financial and non-financial custom duties.
  • Automated coordinating system implementation, Enhanced coordination and improved internal workflow with the support of internal network upgrades.
  • Integrated system with multiple entities regarding customs duty release of imports, Enhanced coordination amongst competent entities using an intra-system providing relevant employees to release imports electronically.
  • Industrial plants disclosure of information implemented, Detailed disclosure of industrial plants information registered with the PAI and integrated within the customs internal network, enhanced PAI and client coordination.
  • Companies and Corporations Disclosure of Information Implemented, Detailed disclosure of companies and corporations information within the customs internal network that improved coordination amongst clients and the MOCI.
  • Introducing the single customs E-Card. Activated the issuance of an e-card regarding mechanical parts certificates that facilitates in streamlining inspection procedures.
  • Developed e-payment services of custom fees, Upgraded and activated e-payment service fees made available in the customs internal network, saving time and effort on the end-users.
  • Introduction of a single payment gateway, Multiple e-payment channels made available to collect payable taxes & Custom duty insurance within the customs internal network.
  • Electronic transfer of customs duty fees using the implemented e-payment services. Upgraded electronic fee transfers including taxes and collected revenue in order to simplify payment processes.
  • Settlement indexes implemented electronically , Technical amendments and renewals of settlements can be electronically modified using the customs internal platform.
  • Implementation of risk management assessments developed a risk based analytics that would achieve final results systematically.
  • Electronic tracking system improvements, Diligently track custom duties and enhances workflow by using an upgraded technological information system.
  • Customs instructions (No. 87 ) of 2015 issued by the Director General of Customs regarding the exchange of information electronically and establishing e-Link to serve all the handling companies to facilitate customs clearance procedures.
  • Council of Ministers Decision (No. 73/2015) dated 19th of January 2015 taken in its meeting (No. 4/2015) regarding the request of the General Administration for Custom’s that all relevant government entities be at the customs centres to ensure fast clearance of merchandise at these centres.
  • Council of Ministers Decision (No. 178) taken in its meeting No. 7/2016 held on the 8th of February 2016 regarding developing mechanisms and procedures to enhance cooperation between the Public Administration for Customs and the Public Ports Authority to eliminate backlogs and expedite merchandise clearance.
  • Customs Instructions (No. 88) of 2015 dated 6th of September 2015 issued by the General Administration of Customs regarding organizing trucks crossing from one customs centre/outlet to another inside the country.
  • Customs Instructions (No. 41/2015)  issued March 1, 2015  regarding utilizing e-clearance forms for collecting customs duties within GCC.
  • Customs Instructions (No. 27/2015)  issued February 22, 2015 regarding e-link between the Kuwait General Administration of Customs (KGAC) and the Public Authority for Industry (PAI) to better manage customs and customs exemptions.
  • Publishing the Kuwait General Administration of Customs (KGAC) fees list for the cost of services for  shipments handling charges  for both physical and e-services on June 30, 2014 on its official website:
  • Council of Ministers Decision (No.412 /2014) taken in its meeting held on March 31, 2014, activated the use of G2G e-link between Kuwait General Administration of Customs (KGAC)’s  and other government entities, as of July 1, 2014 and in full coordination with Central Agency for Information Technology (CAIT).
8. Protecting Minority Investors
  • The Capital Markets Authority (CMA) was established in 2010 by virtue of the Capital Markets Law No. 7 of 2010 (CMA Law) and is the sole regulator for securities activities in the State of Kuwait. The CMA Law was further amended in May 2015
  • Along with the issuance of an expansive Executive Bylaws in November of the same year. The Bylaws consist of 16 modules. Together this body of law forms the core regulation of the capital markets in the State of Kuwait.
  • CMA Law established a court called the ‘Capital Markets Court’ under the Court of First Instance. This court has two levels, the Court of First Instance as well as the Court of Appeals. The applicable provisions are set out in Articles 108 – 116 of the CMA Law.
  • Additionally, with respect to capital market transactions, the Executive Bylaws at Module 3, Chapter 12 sets out the arbitration rules for settling disputes related to capital markets transactions. Apart from that, the court proceedings are similar to that of the civil and commercial courts.
  • Therefore, despite the fact that there was no legislative development within the mentioned period, the CMA believes it is worth mentioning the above substantial body of legislation.
9. Enforcing Contract
  • Internal Memo issued by the Assistant Undersecretary for Justice Palace’s Affairs regarding the achievements done by the Total Court Clerks Department in 2016 that include the following in chronological order:
    • The Law Officers Section launched the electronic lawsuit online at Kuwait Courts website www.kuwaitcourts.gov.kw to enable suing all kinds of civil cases.
    • The Roll Section, receiving and registering lawsuits, using automatic recording system, and specifying the date of the session. Also, using the tracking system (RFLD) to follow up files automatically by using a special label on the files and enter all related data to allow tracking of the file. An additional service provided to inquire about the latest cases submitted and to follow up by using (SMS) or electronic email.
    • The Litigation Service Center was opened in Fatwa & Legislation Department to determine the lawsuits in which the government is involved and to complete all procedures of the lawsuits through the Law Officers Section to the Announcement, Fees and Schedule Section.in order to facilitate the completion of the procedures as quickly as possible.
    • A service center for the Total Court Clerks Department was opened in the Kuwaiti Lawyers’ Association to serve morning and evening lawyers in registering all civil lawsuits (commercial, civil, labor, protests and other cases in all the governorates.
    • -The Announcement Section started the use of electronic announcement, photographing and inserting all judicial papers and lawsuits in the (Image System). Before that all departments of the Total Court Clerks and Court of Cassation Clerks, should insert all judicial papers and lawsuits in the (Image System) according to Administrative Circulation No 2 of 2015 issued by MOJ on 1st April 2015.
10. Resolving Insolvency